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American Lecithin Company

American Lecithin Company
115 Hurley Road • Unit 2B •  Oxford, CT 06478 • (800) 364-4416 or (203) 262-7100 • fax (203) 262-7101

Scientific References Index:


Miscellaneous Literature regarding Phospholipon®, Phosal®, Natipide®

Ghyczy, M.; Hager, J.; Bohm, R.: The Influence of Liposomes from Soybean Lecithin on the Efficacy of Fungicides, Univ. Gent, 56/3a (1991)

Pharnham, M.J.; Ghyczy, M.; Wendel, A. (Handbook, Vol. III): Environmental Effects of Phospholipids used in Liposomes: Relevance for Safety, Nonmedical Application of Liposomes, Chap. 7 (1996)

Wendel, A.: Lecithin, Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chem. Technology, 4th edition, Vol. 15, RPR (1995)

Roding, J.F.: Fast Imaging Method for Native Liposomes: Cryoelectron Microscopy for use in Research and Quality Monitoring, 47th Annual Meeting of the Electron Microscopy Society of America (1989)

Ghyczy, M.: (1992): Liposomes and Ophthamology (Literature Overview not published)

Gareib, J.; Hoff, E.; Ghyczy, M. (1994): Phospholipode - Liposomen - Nanoemulsionen, Parfumerie & Kosmetik 10/94, 652-659

Gareib, J.; Hoff, E.; Ghyczy, M. (1995): Phospholipide - Liposomen - Nanoemulsionen II. Effekte auf der Haut und Produktsicherheit, Parfumerie & Kosmetik

Roding, J.F.; et al.: Cryo electron Microscopy for Fast Characterization of Liposomal Systems, 4th Liposome Conference, Princeton 1989

Ghyczy, M.; Hoff, E.; Gareib, J. (1995): Gastric Mucosa Protection by Phosphatidylcholine (PC), Nattermann Phospholipid GmbH 1996

Lautenschlager, H.; Roding, J; (1990): Liposomen im Vormarsch / Liposomes on the Advance, Schott Information 53/90

Gareib, J.; Ghyczy, M.; Hoff, E.; Nissen, H.P. (1995): The Treatment of Acne Vulgaris by Phosphatidylcholine-Bound Linoleic Acid, Nattermann Phospholipid GmbH 1995

Rimpler, M., et al.: (1990): Liposomen II, Beauty 1/90, 26 ff

Roding, J.; Ghyczy, M.: Beeinflussung der Hautfeuchtigkeit durch Liposomen Stabilisierung von pflegenden Olen und lipophilen Wirkstoffen von Liposomen, SOFW, No. 10 (1991)

Mahrle, G.; Bonnekoh, B.; Ghyczy, M.; Wiegrebe, W. (1991): Stability of Anthralin in Liposomal Phospholipids, Arch. Dermatol. Res. 283, 483-484

Roding, J. (1990): Natipide® II: New Easy Liposome System, SOFW 14, 509-515

Roding, J.: Stabilitat, physikalische Eigenschaften und charakterisierung von Liposomen in flussigen und halbfesten Zubereitungen, Parfumerie und Kosmetik, 2, 80-89, 1990

Wendel, A.; Ghyczy, M. (1990): Liposomal Cosmetics, Soap, Cosmetics, Chem Spec 6, 33-37

Artmann, C.; Roding, J.; Ghyczy, M.; Pratzel, H.G.: Influence of Various Liposome Preparations on Skin Humidity, Parfümerie und Kosmetik, 5/90, 326

Graf, E.: Comment on the Problems Involved in the Lysolecithin Content of Parenteral Preparations for Injection Based on Soya Lecithin (Company Information)

Ghyczy, M.; Blitz, H.: The Influence on Skin Roughness by Different Liposomal Systems, Griesbach Konferenz 27, -29.9. 1991

Ghyzcy, M.; Gareib, J.; Kovats, T.: Liposomes from Vegetable Phosphatidylcholine - Their Production and Effects on the Skin, Cosmetic & Toiletries Vol. 109, 75-80, July 1994

Ghyczy, M.; Gareib, J., (1994): Industrial Preparation of Liposomes for Consumer Goods, Lecture at the 3rd Workshop and Exhibition on Controlled Delivery in Consumer Products, Sept. 26-28, 1994, Chicago

Haidl, G.; Badura, B.; Hinsch, K.-D.; Ghyczy, M.; Gareib, J.; Schill, W.B. (1993): Disturbances of Sperm Flagella due to Failure of Epididymal Maturation and Their Possible Relationship to Phospholipids, Human Reproduction 8 (7), 1070-1073

Hoff, E. (1993): Penetration of Phospholipids into the Skin: A Comprehensive Summary

Ghyczy, M.: Synthesis and Modification of Phospholipids in Lecithin-Sources, Manufacture & Uses; book edited by Bernard F. Szuhaj (AOCS)

Ghyczy, M. (1994): Liposomes for the Food Industry, Ingredients Interview, Food Tech Europe Dec. 1994/Jan. 1995, 44-46

Parnham, M.J.: On the Tolerability of Phosphatidylcholine Containing Saturated Fatty Acids in Pharmaceutical Preparations. Nattermann Internal Report, ANIN 900208 (1990)

Lautenschlager, H.: Kosmetische formulierungen mit Phospholipiden und Liposomen - Umfeld und Zusammenhange (Teil 1 and 2), Parfumerie und Kosmetik 12/89 and 1/90

Lautenschlager, H. (1990): Liposomes in Dermatological Preparations - Part I; Cosmetics & Toiletries, Vol. 105, 89

Lautenschlager, H. (1990): Liposomes in Dermatological Preparations - Part II; Cosmetics and Toiletries, Vol. 105, July 1990, 63

Lautenschlager, H. (1988): Comments Concerning the Legal Framework for the Use of Liposomes in Cosmetic Preparations, SOFW, 18, 761-762

Lautenschlager, H. (1988): Uber die Verwendung von Liposomen aus Soja-Phospholipiden in der Kosmetik, SOFW, 14, 531-534

Raab, W.: Liposomen in dermatologie und Kosmetik - Erwartungen und Realitat, PZ No. 32, Jg. 136, 9-24

Gloor, M.; Gehring, W. (1990): Einwirkung von Liposomen auf die Haut und deren Eignung als Arzneistofftrager, Arztliche Kosmetologie / TW Dermatologie

Gloor, M.; Gehring, W. (1990): Einwirkung von Liposomen auf die Haut, SOFW 117 Jg. No. 4, 1991, 137-140

Carson, H.C. (1993): Liposomes, Happi magazine, March 1933, 53-58

Lautenschlager, H. (1990): Was sind Liposomen - Kosmetik Magazin, 1/90

Lautenschlager, H. (1990): Das Liposom - ein kosmetischer und/oder pharmazeutischer Rohstoff, Parfumerie und Kosmetik, 71, 9, 612-616

Gehring,W.; Gloor, M. (1992): Reinigung und Pflege der Haut - Neue Aspekte durch Liposome, TW Dermatologie 22, 197-204

Burczyk, F.; Hoffmeister, A.: LipoHyParts SOFW 118 (1992)

Artmann, C. Roding, J.; Ghyczy, M.; Pratzel, H.G. (1990): Skin Penetration of Liposomes From Soy Bean Phospholipids, Nattermann Phospholipid Workshop "Liposomes and Skin", Paris, Dec. 1990

Ghyczy, M.; Mintel, H. (1992): Beeinflussung der Hautfeuchtigkeit und Hautrauhigkeit mittels unterschiedlicher liposome-systeme, SOFW-Journal, Jg 118, 18, 1152

Lautenschlager, H. (1990): Der Einstaz von Liposomen in der Dermopharmazie, OAZ 44, 31/32, 589 ff

Lautenschlager, H. (1992): Liposome & Co. - Experten beantworten Fragen, Kosmetik International 6/92, 68-77

Ghyczy, M. (1991): Liposomen - Ganz dick aufgetragen, OKO-Test Magazin No. 1991, 63 ff

Jocham, U.E.: Liposomen und Niosomen in Dermatika, Straburg, PZ No. 24, 134, 33 ff

Lautenschlager, H.: Liposomen - Transportsystem mit Zukunft, Kosmetik Int., 7/90, 116-119

Lautenschlager, H.: Liposomes in Dermatological Preparations, J. Appl. Cosmetici, 8, 1-9 (1990)

Gareib, J.; Hoff, E.; Rados-Schaffgans: Fosfolipidi- Liposomi- Nanoemulsioni, Cosmetics & Toiletries, Ed. It. N. 2/96

Hofer, M.; Ghyczy, M.; Popper L.: Yeast Interaction with Lecithin Fractions, Food Technology Int., Europe 1966

Braum-Falco, O.; Korting, H.C.; Maibach, H.I.: Griesbach Conference Liposome Dermatics, Springer Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg (1992)

Parnham, M.J.; Wendel, A. (1995): Phospholipids and Liposomes, Safety for Cosmetical and Pharmaceutical Use, Nattermann Phospholipid GmbH -Scientific Publication No. 2

Wendel, A.; Lowe, U.; Ehl, H. (1992): Bibliography of Nattermann Phospholipid Patents, Nattermann Phospholipid GmbH - Scientific Publication No. 4, December 1992

Wendel, A.; Lowe, U.; Ehl, H (1992): Phospholipide, Phospholipid-Fraktionen und Lecithine, Nattermann Phospholipid GmbH - Scientific Publication No. 3, October 1992

Ghyczy, M.; Niemann, R. (Brochure, 50 pages): Skin and Liposomes - Revolutionary Discovery? New Scientific Territory? Or Just a Marketing Trick? Nattermann Phospholipid GmbH - Scientific Publication No.1, February 1992

Ghyczy, M.; Niemann, R. (Brochure, 50 pages): Skin and Liposomes - Revolutionary Discovery? New Scientific Territory? Or Just a Marketing Trick? Japanese edition, Nattermann Phospholipid GmbH - Scientific Publication No. 1, February 1992

Ghyczy, M.; Niemann, R. (Brochure, 50 pages): Pelle e Liposomi - Scoperta rivoluzionaria? Terra inesplorata dalla scienza? O Solo un Trucco di Marketing? Italian edition, Nattermann Phospholipid GmbH - Scientific Publication No. 1, February 1992

Ghyczy, M.; Gareib, J.: I Liposomi in Applicazioni Dermiche, Nattermann Phospholipid GmbH, 17th IFSCC Int. Congress, October 1992, Yokohama

Hoff, E.: A Mirror of Continuous Research, Nattermann Phospholipid GmbH - Scientific Publication No. 6, March 1995, 2nd edition, September 1995

American Lecithin Company: Working with Lecithins - Take Advantage of Our Experience, Booklet (1996)

Van Nieuwenhuyzen,W.: Funktionalitat von Lecithinen, Fett/ Lipid 99 Nr. 1, 10- 14 (1997)

LeKim, D.; Betzing, H.; Stoffel, W.: Studies In Vivo and In Vitro on the Methylation of Phosphatidyl-N, N-dimethylethanolamine in Phosphatidylcholine in Rat Liver, Hoppe-Seyler -s Z. Physiol. Chem. Bd. 354, S. 437-444 (1973)

Van Nieuwenhuyzen, W.: Viscosity Effects of Lecithins in Milk and White Chocolate & Ice Cream Coating, AOCS, Seattle, USA, May 11-14, 1997

Van Nieuwenhuyzen, W.: Emulsions in Food Products: Preparation, Stabilsation and Applicattions, Paper Colloidal Drug Carrier CDC 3rd Expert Meeting Berlin, 23-31 May 1997

Huber, P.A.; Gabard, B.: Liposomen in der Dermokosmetik, Hautnah Dermatologie 3/1997, 215-217

Kuhs, GmbH: Probiol® Liposomes and Nanoparticles for Topical Applications, Brochure (1998)

Lohmann, U.; Sikora, R.; Hofer, M.: Influence of Phospholipids on Growth, Sporulation and Virulence of the Endoparasitic Fungi Drechmeria Coniospora, Verticillium balanoides and Harposporium anguillulae in Liquid Culture, J. Phytopathology 125, 139-147 (1989)

Natipide® II

Muller-Goymann, C.C. (1992): Neuere Hilfsstoffe, Deutsche Apotheker Zeitung Jg. 132, No. 43, 22.10. 1992 und Parfumerie & Kosmetik

Bremecker, K.D.; Kroh, D.: Gewu t wie: liposomenherstellung in der Apotheke, PZ, Nr. 10, 136 Jahrg. (1991)

Lautenschlager, H.; Roding, J.: Kosmetische Formulierungen mit Phospholipiden und Liposomen - Umfeld und Zusammenhange, Parfum. und Kosm., 71 Jahrg., Nr. 1 (1990)

Junginger, H.E.; Hofland, H.E.J.; Bouwstra, J.A.: Liposomen und Niosomen - Herstellung und Profung, PZ, Nr. 25, 136 Jahrg., 9-21 (1991)

Mazda, F.; Ozer, A.Y.; Ercan, M.T.; Hincal, A.A.: In Vivo Studies on Cosmetic Urea Liposomes, Conf. on Liposomes in Biochemical Research, 5-8 October, 1994 Berlin/ Germany

Weiterbildungsseminar: dermatische zubereitungen fur den Bereich Offizinpharmazie , Univ. Saarlandes (1993) Part I & II

Gehring, W.; Klein, M.; Gloor, M.: Liposome als Trager von Dithranol bei der Behandlung der Psoriasis vulgaris, H+G, band 69, Heft 7, 451-453 (1994)

Lautenschlager, H.; Roding, J.; Ghyczy, M.: The Use of Liposomes from Soya Phospholipids in Cosmetics, SOFW, 14/88, 531-534

Morsy, E. (1992): Applied Liposomology
-I. Notes from Practical Experience on the Composition and Application of Liposomes
II. A Practical Review on Liposomes in Skin Care, a Professional Exam, F2CO, Vol 2, 145-288

Rades, T.; Gerke, A.; Schutze,W.; Muller-Goymann, C.C.: Characterization of a Commercial Liposome Spray, Pharmazie 52, 44-50 (1997)

Ghyczy, M.; Nissen, H.P.; Blitz, H.: The Treatment of Acne Vulgaris by Phosphatidylcholine From Soybeans, with a High Content of Linoleic Acid, J. Appl. Cosmetol. 14, 137-145 (1996)

Huang, S.W.; et al.: Update on the Relationship of Novel Liposome and Transdermal Drug Delivery System, J. Pharmaceutical Biotechnology 4 (3), 181-187 (1997)


Bremecker, K.D.: Wirkungen von Kosmetika: Harnstoff ist ein wahrer Tausendsassa, DAZ, 134 Jahrg., Nr. 11, 53 (1994)

Bergmann, B.; et al.: Einarbeitung von Phospholipiden und Liposomen in Gelcremes und der Vergleich der unterschiedlichen Zubereitungen, Goethe-Univ., Frankfurt (1991)

Gucer, N.; Ebel, J.; Groning, R.: Encapsulation of Drugs and Excipients in Liposomes - Measurements With Drug-Specific Electrodes, Pharmaceutica Acta Helvetiae 68 (1993), S. 129-133

Ghyczy, M.; Gareib, J.; Fubbroich, P.: Formulating Perfumes in Water Dispersions by Using Phospholipids, Incosmetics (1993)

Ghyczy, M.; Gareib, J.: Industrial Production of Liposomes for Topical Application, 17th IFSCC Int. Congress Yokohama (1992)

Gucer, N.; Ebel, J; Groning, R.: Chemosensors for the Detection of Liposomal Encapsulation of Drugs, Pharm. Pharmacol. Lett. (1993) 3: 9-12

Herzog, R.: Liposomen im Apothekerlabor, DAZ 136 Jhrg. Nr. 12, (1996)

Buchman, A.L.; et al.: Lecithin Increases Plasma Free Choline and Decreases Hepatic Steatosis in Long-Term Total Parenteral Nutrition Patients, Gastroenterology, 102, 1363-1370

Korting, H.C.; Schafer-Korting, M.; et al.: Anti-Inflammatory Actvity of Hamamelis Distillate Applied Topically to the Skin, Eur. J. Pharmacol, 44, 315-318 (1993)

Moaddel, T.; Friberg, S.; Brin, A.: Amphiphilic Association Structures in the System Water, Vitamin E, Lecithin and Phosal 75 SA, Colloid Polym Sci., 274, 153-159 (1996)

Hoffmeister, A.; Burczyk, F. (1992): Anwendungstechnische Versuche zum Einsatz von Lecithin in Badeölen, SOFW 1/92 18-19

Huang, S.W.; et al.: Update on the Relationship of Novel Liposome and Transdermal Drug Delivery System, J. Pharmaceutical Biotechnology 4 (3), 181-187 (1997)

Phospholipon® 100H

Arica, B.; Ozer, A.Y.; Hincal, A.A. (1992): Preparation and In-vitro-Studies of Primaquine Diphosphate Liposomes; Lecture 6th Int. Conf. on Pharm. Technol., June 2-4, 1992, Paris

Arica, B.; Ozer, A.Y.; Hincal, A.A.: In-vivo-Studies of Primaquine Diphosphate Liposomes

Schmidtgen, M.; Brandl, M.: Detection of Lipopolysaccharides in Phospholipids and Liposomes Using the Limulus Test, J. of Liposome Research, 5(1), 109-116 (1995)

Lutz, J.; et al.: Acute Toxicity and Depression of Phagocytosis In Vivo by Liposomes: Influence of Lysophosphatidylcholine, Life Sciences, Vol. 56, No. 2, 99-106 (1995)

Fransen, G.J.; Salemink, P.J.M.; Crommelin, D.J.A.: Critical Parameters in Freezing of Liposomes, Int. Journal of Pharmaceutics, 33, 27-35 (1986)

Talsma, H.: Preparation, Characterization and Stabilization of Liposomes, Thesis, 121 pages (1991)

Talsma, H.; van Steenbergen, M.J.; Salemik, P.J.M.; Crommelin ,D.J.A.: The Cryopreservation of Liposomes (1991). 1. A Differential Scanning Calorimetry Study of the Thermal Behavior of a Liposome Dispersion Containing Mannitol During Freezing / Thawing, Pharm. Res. 8 (1991), S. 1021-1026

Talsma, H.; van Steenbergen, M.J.; Crommelin, D.J.A.: The Cryopreservation of Liposomes. 2. Effect of Particle Size on Crystallization Behavior and Marker Retention, Cryobiol., 29, 80-86 (1992) Univ. Utrecht

Talsma, H.; van Stennbergen, M.J.; Crommelin, D.J.A. (1991): The Cryopreservation of Liposomes: 3. Almost Complete Retention of a Water-Soluble Marker in Small Liposomes in a Cryoprotectant Containing Dispersion After a Freezing/Thawing Cycle, Int. Journal of Pharmaceutics 77, 119-126

Tollemar, J.; Hockerstedt, K.; Ericzon, B.G.; Jalanko, H.; Rindgen, O.: Liposomal Amphotericin B Prevents Invasive Fungal Infections in Liver Transplant Recipients, (1995)

Heinemann, V.; Kahny, B.; Debus, A.; Wachholz, K.; Jehn ,U.: Pharmacokinetics of Liposomal Amphotericin B (AmBisome) Versus Other Lipid Based Formulations, Bone Marrow Transplant, 14, Suppl. 5, 8-9 (1994)

Ringden, O.; Andstrom, E.; Remberger, M.; Svahn, B.M.; Tollemar, J.: Safety of Liposomal Amphotericin B (AmBisome) in 187 Transplant Recipients Treated with Cyclosporin, Bone Marrow Transplant. 14, Suppl. 5, 10-14 (1994)

Adler-Moore, J.P.; Proffitt, R.T.: Entwicklung, Charakterisierung, Wirksamkeit und Wirkungsmodus von AmBisome, einer unilamellaren Liposomformulierung von Amphotericin B, J. of Liposome Research, 3(3), 429-450 (1993)

Ringden, O.; et al.: Efficacy of Amphotericin B Encapsulated inLiposomes (AmBisome) in the Treatment of Invasive Fungal Infections in Immunocompromised Patients, J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 28, Suppl. B, 73-82 (1991)

Ringden, O.; Tollemar, J.: Liposomal Amphotericin B (AmBisome) Treatment of Invasive Fungal Infections in Immunocompromised Children, Blackwell Wissen. Verlag, Mycoses 36, 187-192 (1993)

Ozer, A.Y.; Talsma, H.: Preparation and Stability of Liposomes Containing 5-Fluorouracil, Int. Journal of Pharmaceutics, 55, 185-191 (1989)

Talsma, H.; Ozer, A.Y.; van Bloois, L.; Crommelin, D.J.: The Size Reduction of Liposomes with a High Pressure Homogenizer (Microfluidizer™). Characterization of Prepared Dispersions and Comparison with Conventional Methods. Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy, 15 (2), 197-207 (1989)

Brandl, M.; Bachmann, D.; Augustin, A.; Jager, L.; Lutz, J.: Depression of the Phagocytic Ativity of the RES by Lposomes, Pharm Pharmacol lett 4: 1-4 (1994)

Phospholipon® 80

Korting, H.C., Blecher, P.; Schafer-Korting, M.; Wendel, A.: (1991) Topical Liposome Drugs to Come: What the Patent Literature Tells Us, J. of the American Academy of Dermatology, Vol. 25, No. 6, Part 1, Dec. 1991

Bonnekoh, B. et al. (1990): Die kutane Applikation von Liposomen - eine Literaturubersicht unter besonderer Berucksichtigung der Befunde von keratinozytenkulturen, Tierexperimenten sowie klinischen Studien, Zeitschrift fur Hautkrankheiten 65 (1), 99-105

Gehring, W.; Ghyczy, M.; Gloor, M.; Heitzler, Ch.; Roding, J. (1990): Significance of Empty Liposomes Alone and as Drug Carriers in Dermatotherapy; Drug Res 40 (II), 12, 1368-1371

Gehring, W.; Ghyczy, M.; Gloor, M.; Scheer, T.; Roding, J. (1992): Enhancement of the Penetration of Dithranol and Increase of Effect of Dithranol on the Skin by Liposomes; Drug Res 42 (II), 7, 983-985

Zierenberg, O.; Grundy, S.M.: Intestinal Absorption of Polyenylphophatidylcholine in Man; J. Lipid Research 23 (1982), S. 1136 -1142

Gloor, M., (1990): Liposomen und Mikroemulsionen, SOFW 116, Jg. No. 18/1990

Blume, A.; Jansen, M.; Ghyczy, M.;Gareib, J. (1993): Interaction of Phospholipid Liposomes with Lipid Model Mixtures for Stratum Corneum Lipids; Int. Journal of Pharmaceutics 99, 219-228

Wendel, A.; Ghyczy, M. (1990): Liposomal Cosmetics; Soap, Cosmetics, Chem Spec 6, 33-37

Brandl, M.; Bachmann, D.; Drechsler, M.; Bauer, K.H. (1990): Liposome Preparation by a New High Pressure Homogenizer Gaulin Micron LAB 40; Drug Dev & Ind Pharm, 16 (14), 2167-2191

Capdevila, C.; Moukha, S.; Ghyczy, M.; Theilleux, J.; Gelie, B.; Belattre, M.; Corriou, G.; Asther, M. (1990): Characterization of Peroxidase Secretion and Subcellular Organization of INA-12 in the Presence of Various Soybean Phospholipid Fractions; Applied Environmental Microbiology 12, 3811-3816

Bonnekoh, B.; Roding, J.; Krueger, G.R.F.; Ghyczy, M.; Mahrle, G. (1991): Increase of Lipid Fluidity and Suppression of Proliferation Resulting From Liposome Uptake by Human Keratinocytes In Vitro, British Journal of Dermatology 124, 333-340

Touitou, E.; et al.: Liposomes as Carriers for Topical and Transdermal Delivery, J. Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 83, No. 9, Sept. 1994

Bodde, H.E.; et al.: In Vivo Screening of the Human Skin Barrier, Moisturization and Liposome Effects. Recording FTIR Spectra, TEWL, Skin Impedance and - Temperature, Univ. Leiden (1990)

Hofland, H.E.J.; et al.: Interactions Between Liposomes and Human Stratum Corneum In Vitro: Freeze Fracture Electron Microscopical Visualization and Small Angle X-Ray Scattering Studies, Book: Vesicles as transdermal drug delivery systems, Chap. 9

LeKim, D.; Graf, E.: Tierexperimentelle Studien zur Pharmakokinetik der essentiellen  Phospholipide [EPL], Arzneim. Forsch./Drug Res., 26, Nr. 9a, 1772-1782 (1976)

Strickrodt, J.: Verfahren zur vollautomatischen Abfullung von hochviskosen Pasten in Hartgelatinekapseln, Pharm. Ind. 52, Nr. 10, 1276-1279 (1990)

Guenin, E.P.; Zatz, J.L.: Effect of Salicylic Acid Ensapsulation by Phospholipid Vesicles on Transport Through an Inert Membrane, J. Soc. Cosmet. Chem., 45, 229-238 (1994), Univ. Rutgers NJ

Thiele, B.; Ghyczy, M.; Lunow, C.; Teichert, H.M.; Wolff, H.H.: Influence of Phospholipid Liposomes (PLL) on UVB-induced Erythema Formation, Arch. Dermatol Res, 285: 428-431 (1993)

Saller, R.: Zur medikamentosen Therapie bei Patienten mit alkoholtoxischen Lebererkrankungen, AJ 17. Jahrgang-Nr. 7, 42 (1995)

Leopold, C.S.; Lippold, B.C.: Enhancing Effects of Lipophillic Vehicles on Skin Penetration of Methyl Nicotinate In Vivo, J. of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 84 No. 2, 195-198 (1994) Univ. Dusseldorf

Bonnekoh, B.; Krueger, G.R.F.; Mahrle, G.: Fluidizing Effects of Liposomes on Human Keratinocytes, 145-150 (1993)

Lohmann, U.; Sikora, R.A.; Hofer, M.: Influence of Phospholipids on Growth, Spirulation and Virulence of the Endoparasitic Fungi Drechmeria Coniospora, Verticilium Balanoides and Harposporium Anguillulae in Liquid Culture, J. Phytopathology 125, 139-147 (1989)

Benzi, G.; et al.: Cerebral Enzyme Antioxidant System. Influence of Aging and Phosphatidylcholine, J. Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism 9:373-380 (1989)

Lautenschlager, H.: Influence of Phospholipids on the Barrier Function of the Skin - Theory and Reality, <16th IFSCC Congress> (1990)

Eickermann, H.: 50th Anniversary of Phospholipid Research [EPL], Congress Review (1989)

Gregoriadis, G.: Liposomes and Anti-Ageing Creams: The Facts Beneath the Face, The Biochemist (1994) Univ. London

Artmann, C.; et al.: Liposomes from Soya Phospholipids as Percutaneous Drug Carriers, Arzneim. Forsch./Drug Res. 40(II), 12, 1363-1365 + 1365-1368 (1990)

Huang, S.W.; Wang, D.L.: Advances of Research of Liposomes as Transdermal Drug Delivery Systems, Chin. J. of Pharmaceuticals, 25: 11 (1994)

Huang, S.W.; et al.: Preliminary Observation on Percutaneous Absorption of Liposomal Heparin, Chin. J. of Biochem. Pharmaceuticals, 17: 1 (1996)

Rosseneu, M.; Declercq, B.; et al.: Influence of Oral Polyunsaturated and Saturated Phospholipid Treatment on the Lipid Composition and Fatty Acid Profile of Chimpanzee Lipoproteins, Atherosclerosis, 32 141-153 (1978)

Kiriakova, N.; Gunderman, K. J.; Schneider, E.; Janz, B.: Wirkung "essentieller"  Phospholipide aus der Sojabohne (EPL) unter und nach Thalassotherapie bei patienten mit Psoriasis vulgaris: Placebo-kontrollierte Doppelblindstudie, H+G Band 71, Heft 5, 334-338 (1996)

Galli, C.: Polyenoyl Phosphatidylcholine and Lipid Metabolism in Experimental and Clinical ª Atherosclerosis: An Introduction to Pharmacology of PPC, Therapeutic Selectivity and Risk/Benefit Assessment of Hypolipidemic Drugs (1982)

Zierenberg, O.: Aspects of Biochemistry and Pharmacodynamics of Polyene Phosphatidylcholine, Therapeutic Selectivity and Risk/ Benefit Assessment of Hypolipidemic Drugs (1982)

Fox, J.M.; Fontaine, R.; Friehe, H.: Kinetics and Absorption, Toxicity, and Safety Pharmacology of Oral Polyenoyl Phosphatidylcholine, Therapeutic Selectivity and Risk/ Benefit Assesment of Hypolipidemic Drugs (1982)

Fasoli, A.: Clinical Evaluation of Polyenoyl Phosphatidylcholine: Effects on Serum Lipid and Lipoprotein Patterns, Therapeutic Selectivity and Risk/ Benefit Assessment of Hypolipidemic Drugs (1982)

Schneider, J.: Experimental and Clinical Effects of Polyenoyl Phosphatidylcholine on Erythrocytes and Platelets, Therapeutic Selectivity and Risk/ Benefit Assessment of Hypolipidemic Drugs (1982)

LeKim, D.: On the Pharmacokinetics of Orally Applied Essential Phospholipids (EPL), Phosphatidylcholine-Biochem. And Clinical Aspects of Essential Phospholipids, 48-65 (1976)

LeKim, D.; Betzing, H.: Der Einbau von EPL-Substanz in organe von gesunden und durch Galaktosamin geschadigten Ratten, Arzneim. Forsch./Drug Res., 24, Nr.8, 1217-1221 (1974)

Montengro, L., et al.: Protective Effect Evaluation of Free Radical Scavengers on UVB Induced Human Cutaneous Erythema by Skin Reflectance Spectrophotometry, Int. Journal of Cosmetic Science 17, 91-103 (1995)

Rades, T.; Gerke, A.; Schutze, W.; Muller-Goymann, C.C.: Characterization of a Commercial Liposome Spray, Pharmazie 52, 44-50 (1997)

Niederau , C.; Strohmeyer, G.; Nauert, C.; Gopfert, E.: Treatment of Chronic Viral Hepatitis with Essential Phospholipids and Interferon: An International Multicenter Study, Dept. of Gastroenterology/ RPR GmbH, Cologne, Germany

Morganti, P.; et al.: Effect of Phosphatidylcholine Linoleic Acid-Rich and Glycolic Acid in Acne Vulgaris, J. Appl. Cosmetics 15, 21-23 (1997)

Weh, D.: Der Einflubder Elektrolytlosung auf die Kolloideigenschaften von Lipidvesikeln, Diplomarbeit, Universitat Munchen, I. 1- V IIII. 15 (1989)


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